Asia’s Transformations to Sustainability : Past, Present and Future of the Anthropocene
日 時
2017年3月10日(金)9:30 - 17:20
11日(土)9:00 - 18:30
場 所
総合地球環境学研究所 講演室(⇒アクセス
言 語
参 加
総合地球環境学研究所 国際交流係
Tel: +81-75-707-2152
Fax: +81-75-707-2106
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During the last fifty years Asia has gone through a remarkable transformation from a largely rural, agricultural and protoindustrial region underpinned by Monsoon Asia’s resource and ecosystem characteristics, to the global center of economic growth driven by massive imports of fossil fuels and the policy directives of the developmental states. Beginning from Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, and diffusing to Southeast Asia, China and to some extent even to South Asia, a series of industrial clusters were created along the coasts of Pacific and Indian Oceans. Political and economic forces reorganized Asia’s resource base by combining locally available endowments of labour, land, water and eco-system services with imported capital, oil, natural gas and mineral resources. Manufacturing labour productivity rapidly rose, and urbanization was accelerated. A 1983 World Bank Survey The Energy Transition in Developing Countries spoke confidently of the transition from biosphere-based to fossil-fuel-based energy as a global trend.

Today the energy transition refers to a transition from fossil-fuels to cleaner and renewable energy. The term Anthropocene is used to express deep concerns for human impact on the planet. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a UN initiative, include a number of indicators relating to sustainability and resilience to disasters, along with socio-economic ones such as poverty reduction and inequality. Thus the entire ‘economic miracle’ projects, which dominated Asia and were underpinned by growth ideology, are under serious scrutiny. Yet how to absorb the legacy of such a history back into the more natural and sustainable resource base of Monsoon Asia is not in sight.

In 2016 the Research Institute of Humanity and Nature (RIHN) started its third term research program (2016-2023) with a new organizational design under three programs of social transformations under climate change, resource management and the creation of the ‘lifeworlds’ beyond the ‘economic miracle’ perspective. In this symposium, we present frontier knowledge directing these programs, to discuss the future of Asia’s transformations to sustainability.


Plenary Session

  1. - Keynote Address 1
  2. Anthropocene and Transhumanism

    Augustin Berque (École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France)

  3. - Keynote Address 2
  4. Does Chinese History Suggest a Sustainable Growth Trajectory?

    Kenneth Pomeranz (University of Chicago, USA)

    Session 1:
    Impact of Climate Change, Water and Energy on Long-term Socio-economic Changes

    This session discusses the impact of environmental changes on socio-economic development in comparative historical perspective. Data on temperature and other indicators of climate change are now becoming available over a long period of time, and new findings are being communicated to socio-economic changes. In Monsoon Asia temperature changes and the availability of water and local biomass energy were important determinants of population growth, economic development and sustainability. They induced labour-intensive and energy-saving technology in East Asia and water-intensive agriculture in South Asia. We report recent findings on these topics, and suggest their relevance to the understanding of the present.

  5. - Impact of Climate Change on Social Transformations in Japan and Beyond
  6. Takeshi Nakatsuka (RIHN)

  7. - On Climate, Demography and Social Change in the Japanese Archipelago
  8. Osamu Saito (Hitotsubashi University)

  9. - Monsoon Asia, Industrialization and Urbanization: The Making and Unmaking of the Regional Nexus
  10. Kaoru Sugihara (RIHN)

  11. - Carbon Forests and Rivers of Conflict: Reflections on South Asian Environmental History in the Epoch of the Anthropocene
  12. Rohan D’Souza (Kyoto University)

  13. - Land Tenure and Degradation of Peatlands in Sumatra, Indonesia
  14. Kosuke Mizuno (RIHN and Kyoto University)

  15. - Roundtable Discussion
  16. The above speakers, Mark Metzler (University of Texas at Austin, USA), Takahiro Sato (Kyoto University), Kohei Wakimura (Osaka City University), and Roy Bin Wong (University of California, Los Angeles, USA)


    Session 2:
    Wise Governance of Diverse Resources

    This session will discuss on research perspectives towards wise and fair resource management systems considering inter-linkage of multiple resources by various stakeholders in different special scales. Recently, nexus structure among energy, water and food became a hot issue, though we need more comprehensive understandings and governance including other issues such as ecological resources which provide ecosystem services and local culture.

  17. - Concept of Wise Governance of Resources and Ecosystem Services in Asian context
  18. Tohru Nakashizuka (RIHN and Tohoku University)

  19. - Evidence-based Deliberation for Some Issues in Local Nexus Structure: Some Participatory Approaches towards Adaptive Governance
  20. Kenshi Baba (Tokyo City University)

  21. - Considering Ecosystem Service Tradeoffs including Biodiversity and Culture in the Water-energy-food Nexus
  22. Kimberly Burnett (University of Hawaii, USA)

  23. - The Adaptive Watershed Governance: Biodiversity, Nutrient Cycling and Human Well-being
  24. Noboru Okuda (RIHN)

  25. - Valuing Forest Ecosystem Services and Disservices - Case Study of a Protected Area in India
  26. Karachepone N. Ninan (Centre for Economics, Environment and Society, India)

  27. - Roundtable Discussion
  28. The above speakers

    Session 3:
    Building Lifeworlds of Sustainability and Wellbeing

    Our “lifeworlds” are composed of the physical spaces and socio-cultural spheres of our everyday lives. They are continually reproduced, reimagined, and evolving through an interactive and reflexive relationship with society, culture, and nature. Session 3 focuses on research aimed at illuminating reciprocal linkages between diverse rural and urban lifeworlds and contributing to the solution of sustainability problems by working with various societal partners such as governments, companies, and citizen groups. Special emphasis is placed on envisioning sustainable futures that improve wellbeing and gauging their feasibility.

  29. - Program 3 and Future Design
  30. Tatsuyoshi Saijo (RIHN and Kochi University of Technology)

  31. - Seeking Sustainability through Asian Values and Culture
  32. Rakesh Kapoor (Alternative Futures, India)

  33. - Lifeworlds as Pedagogy for Socio-cultural Change: Sensuous Food Futures, Practices, and Meaning in Everyday Experience
  34. Steven McGreevy (RIHN)

  35. - Sanitation Value Chain: Its Concept and Element Technologies
  36. Naoyuki Funamizu (RIHN and Hokkaido University)

  37. - Roundtable Discussion
  38. The above speakers, Ueru Tanaka (RIHN) and Satoshi Ishikawa (RIHN)

    General Discussion

  39. - Session summaries and discussion across all sessions
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